Four boats are racing on a beam reach. The proper course of all boats is their heading at position one.
In both scenarios, which boat has the initial right of way?
See Rule 11
Are the leeward boats prohibited from sailing above their proper course?
See Rule 17
Is the leeward boat constrained in how it may sail above its proper course?
See rule 16
Did the leeward boats provide the windward boat with room to keep clear?